There’s no evidence to support claims that election observers were blocked from counting rooms.

first_img– Advertisement – A judge in the Nevada case dismissed the bid, ruling that Mr. Trump’s lawyers “failed to prove” that local election officials “interfered with any right they or anyone else has an observer.” In the Philadelphia case, the Trump campaign succeeded in forcing city elections officials to allow observers to be up to six feet from counting tables, as opposed to the roughly 20-foot observation line officials had previously set. But during a hearing for a federal version of that suit on Thursday, Judge Paul Diamond of the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania pressed a lawyer for Mr. Trump on whether the campaign’s observers did, in fact, have access to the facility. The lawyer said, grudgingly, that there were “a nonzero number” of people in the room. (In the interest of expediting the case, Judge Diamond pushed the Philadelphia board to agree to an expanded number of observers.)- Advertisement – The charge was without any basis in fact, and was, in reality, contradicted by several of Mr. Trump’s own legal filings.In cases that his campaign brought in Nevada and Pennsylvania — one dismissed, the other pending — it acknowledged that its observers were indeed present in the counting rooms. His lawyers were, rather, asking the courts to force election officials to allow Mr. Trump’s observers to get even closer views of the counting activity. – Advertisement –center_img On Twitter and in interviews, President Trump and his supporters have alleged that his campaign observers were blocked from ballot-counting rooms, hindering their ability to witness and report several instances of what the Trump campaign has baselessly claimed was widespread election fraud that has marred the results.“THE OBSERVERS WERE NOT ALLOWED INTO THE COUNTING ROOMS,” Mr. Trump alleged in a tweet on Saturday. “BAD THINGS HAPPENED WHICH OUR OBSERVERS WERE NOT ALLOWED TO SEE.”- Advertisement – A case the Trump campaign brought in Chatham County, Ga., was, in fact, based on a Trump observer’s allegation that he had seen workers count some 53 ballots that weren’t valid — a thin charge that the observer could not support in court; the judge threw out the suit on Thursday.Mr. Trump and his allies have seized on photographs of election workers at one point using cardboard to block windows of a large counting room inside the TFC Center in Detroit, alleging that workers there were covering up nefarious activity.In fact, The Detroit Free Press reported, the cardboard was meant to block the view of boisterous protesters outside the room who were trying to photograph and video the workers handling ballots with sensitive personal information about voter preferences. At the time, The Free Press reported, there were 134 Republican observers inside the counting area, along with a similar number of Democratic observers.last_img read more

Netflix, Disney+ Hotstar, Prime Video Will Now Be Regulated by the Government

first_imgJavadekar has been citing the need for regulation for a while now, having brought up the government-imposed censorship environment of countries such as China and Singapore in a meeting with representatives of streaming services back in March. – Advertisement – Now, the President of India Ram Nath Kovind signed into law a new amendment [PDF] to the Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules 1961 on November 9, which adds the two following lines to the purview of the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting:VA. Digital / Online Media22A. Films and Audio-Visual programmes made available by online content providers.22B. News and current affairs content on online platforms.These additions will come after “V. Films” section in the Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules 1961 [PDF, page 98]. Online content providers and online news platforms now sit alongside cable television, All India Radio, and Doordarshan as entities that fall under I&B’s regulatory framework.Just over two weeks ago, I&B Minister Prakash Javadekar had hinted that the government could regulate online platforms. Speaking to The Indian Express, he said: “I have called them twice to talk about a credible self-regulation method, but they have not come up with a proposal.”- Advertisement –center_img Netflix, Amazon Prime Video, and Disney+ Hotstar are now going to be under regulation by the government. The Ministry of Information and Broadcasting now has jurisdiction over online content providers (such as the aforementioned three streaming services) and online news platforms, a cabinet secretariat notification dated Monday states. Until now, there was no government body that regulated the content of digital media platforms, and this is something that the Information and Broadcasting minister has previously said was required.Other forms of content are regulated by bodies like the Press Council of India, the News Broadcasters Association, the Advertising Standards Council of India, and the Central Board of Film Certification.- Advertisement –last_img read more

Biden speaks with more world leaders and agrees to meet South Korea’s president.

first_imgPresident-elect Joseph R. Biden Jr. spoke with three more foreign leaders on Wednesday, in the latest show of international support for his election victory. He also committed to an early meeting with one of them: President Moon Jae-in of South Korea.In a statement, the Biden transition team said the president-elect had participated in “congratulatory calls” with Mr. Moon, Prime Minister Scott Morrison of Australia and Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga of Japan. The calls with three of America’s closest allies came the day after four that Mr. Biden held with Western European allies, in a return to traditional diplomatic protocol after years of President Trump’s haphazard foreign interactions.- Advertisement – During their 14-minute phone call, Mr. Moon noted Mr. Biden’s “long experience in state affairs, his excellent leadership and clear vision,” said Mr. Moon’s spokesman, Kang Min-seok. Mr. Biden praised South Korea’s largely successful fight against the coronavirus, comparing it with the Trump administration’s handling of the pandemic.The two leaders agreed to meet as soon as possible after Mr. Biden’s inauguration, Mr. Kang said.Mr. Moon’s government hopes that the Biden administration will restart stalled negotiations over North Korea’s nuclear weapons program and drop Mr. Trump’s talk of reducing U.S. troop presence in South Korea, which now numbers 28,500.- Advertisement – – Advertisement – In a Twitter post, Mr. Moon said he and Mr. Biden affirmed their countries’ “robust” alliance and desire for a “peaceful and prosperous” Korean Peninsula.- Advertisement –center_img Mr. Biden spoke with each of the leaders about the coronavirus pandemic, the global economy and “strengthening democracy,” according to descriptions of the calls from the transition office. While the State Department would typically help facilitate such calls for a president-elect and supply him with translators if necessary, a source familiar with Mr. Biden’s calls over the past two days said the Trump administration had refused to provide such assistance.But even as Mr. Trump continues to make false charges of voter fraud and claim to be the true winner of the election, virtually all of the world’s major leaders have now acknowledged that Mr. Biden will be inaugurated in January. The few holdouts include two autocratic allies of President Trump — President Vladimir V. Putin of Russia and President Jair Bolsonaro of Brazil — as well as President Xi Jinping of China. “As president, I’ll stand with South Korea, strengthening our alliance to safeguard peace in East Asia and beyond, rather than extorting Seoul with reckless threats to remove our troops,” Mr. Biden said in an opinion column published by South Korea’s Yonhap News Agency days before the election.last_img read more

CDC issues bioterrorism-response guidebook for coroners

first_img The document includes a description of the pathologic findings and diagnostic specimens and tests for each of the Category A (high-risk) bioterrorism agents: those that cause smallpox, anthrax, plague, tularemia, botulism, and viral hemorrhagic fevers. Understand their role in surveillance for bioterrorism Cooperate with public health laboratories in the Laboratory Response Network Jun 11, 2004 (CIDRAP News) – The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has published a guidebook to help medical examiners and coroners detect and respond to bioterrorism. The report also includes a table linking pathologic syndromes seen on autopsy with potential terrorism-related illnesses, plus numerous photos of tissue specimens from victims of diseases such as anthrax, plague, tularemia, smallpox, and Ebola hemorrhagic fever. Communicate with laboratories, public health departments, emergency-operations centers, law enforcement, and other agencies CDC. Medical examiners, coroners, and biologic terrorism: a guidebook for surveillance and case management. MMWR Recommendations and Reports 2004;53(RR08):1-27 [Full text] Properly collect and document data from death investigationscenter_img Collect reimbursement for bioterrorism-related expenses and locate possible funding sources Understand jurisdictional, evidentiary, and operational issues Besides providing detailed guidance for medical examiners and coroners, the report is designed to help other public health officials understand the role of medical examiners in bioterrorism preparedness and response. “Medical examiners and coroners (ME/Cs) are essential public health partners for terrorism preparedness and response,” the CDC says in its summary of the 27-page booklet. “Medicolegal autopsies are essential for making organism-specific diagnoses in deaths caused by biologic terrorism.” The guidebook includes information designed to help medical examiners and coroners: Minimize risk of infection when conducting autopsieslast_img read more

Foreign Affairs focuses on pandemic threat

first_imgJun 10, 2005 (CIDRAP News) – The influential journal Foreign Affairs is adding its voice to the warnings about a potential influenza pandemic by publishing a special section on pandemics in its forthcoming July/August issue.Titled “The Next Pandemic,” the section includes four articles by a panel of experts. They focus on the evidence that the H5N1 flu virus may spark a pandemic, the challenges of preparing for a pandemic, the need to integrate disease-control efforts for people and animals, and the lessons of the HIV/AIDS pandemic.Foreign Affairs is the second well-known journal in less than three weeks to publish a sizable collection of articles on the threat of a pandemic. The British journal Nature published 10 articles on the subject in its May 26 issue.Foreign Affairs has also scheduled a special press briefing on the pandemic issue for Jun 16 in Washington, DC. The briefing will feature two of the article authors, Laurie Garrett and Michael T. Osterholm, along with Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, and James F. Hoge Jr., editor of the journal.Following are summaries of the Foreign Affairs articles.’The next pandemic?’The H5N1 flu virus is showing potential to cause the next flu pandemic. It is impossible to predict when a pandemic might hit—the swine flu of 1976, which failed to materialize, is a notable example of the risks of such predictions—but author Laurie Garrett is certain that the world is currently unready to address such a threat. Garrett is a senior fellow for global health at the Council on Foreign Relations.The imbalance of wealth, the weakness of public health systems in countries worldwide, and the numerous hurdles to fast, efficient vaccine production are just a few of the issues that will affect how the world copes with a pandemic, Garrett says. She recommends that national policymakers prepare now “for worst-case scenarios involving quarantines, weakened armed services, dwindling hospital space and vaccine supplie.” Further, it is in every government’s interest to bolster the funding and authority of the World Health Organization and the Food and Agriculture Organization so they can offer timely, impartial assessments of an epidemic’s progress.People engaged in policy and security worldwide “cannot afford to ignore the warning” of a possible pandemic, Garrett writes.’Preparing for the Next Pandemic’The next flu pandemic could well cause hundreds of millions of deaths around the world and bring the global economy to a standstill, writes Michael T. Osterholm, PhD, MPH, director of the University of Minnesota Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy, publisher of this Web site.Recent evidence suggests that the H5N1 strain of influenza A could trigger a pandemic like that of 1918-19, which probably killed between 50 million and 100 million people, Osterholm writes. In today’s world, that could mean up to 360 million deaths. The SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) epidemic gave a hint of the kind of economic disruption a pandemic could cause. Though only about 8,000 of SARS cases occurred, the disease cost the Asia-Pacific region an estimated $40 billion.If a major pandemic began today, the global economy would shut down, Osterholm predicts. The disease would trigger shortages of food and other essential commodities. No vaccine would be available in the first several months, and in the first year the world could produce only enough vaccine for about 14% of the population. The antiviral drug oseltamivir could help countries that have stockpiled it, but in most of the world it would be unavailable. Other medical supplies such as masks and ventilators would be in short supply.As he has done in other recent writings, Osterholm calls for detailed operational planning to get through a pandemic. He also advocates an international project to develop the ability to produce a vaccine for the entire world population within several months of the start of a pandemic. If there isn’t enough vaccine to go around, economic disaster will overtake all countries, regardless of their vaccine supplies. “No one can truly be isolated from a pandemic,” he writes.’One World, One Health’Many diseases that have scared the public and disrupted global commerce in recent years have been zoonoses—diseases that originated in animals and crossed into humans. The emergence of diseases like avian flu, SARS, and Ebola tell us that it’s time to knock down the walls between the agencies and groups that deal with diseases in humans, domestic animals, and wildlife, according to William B. Karesh and Robert A. Cook. Karesh directs the field veterinary program at the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and co-chairs the World Conservation Union’s veterinary specialist group; Cook is vice-president of the WCS and its chief veterinarian.Burgeoning international travel, population growth, the global trade in animals and animal products, and a growing dependence on intensified livestock production have made humanity more vulnerable to cross-species diseases, Karesh and Cook write. But “no government agency or multilateral organization today focuses on the numerous diseases that threaten people, domestic animals, and wildlife alike.”The authors observe that the eradication of smallpox—the only major infectious disease that has been eradicated—was possible largely because smallpox, at least under natural conditions, affects only humans. When a pathogen can infect a range of hosts, controlling it becomes far more difficult and requires an integrated approach, they write.They call for a number of steps to integrate efforts to deal with human and animal diseases. Examples include better surveillance of wildlife diseases, requiring animal traders to pay more of the cost of preventing and controlling outbreaks, and inducing governments to improve the regulation of trade in animals.”Bridges must be built between different scientific disciplines, and trade in wildlife must be dramatically reduced and, like the livestock industry, properly regulated,” Karesh and Cook argue.’The lessons of HIV/AIDS’To understand the impact of a potential avian flu pandemic, author Laurie Garrett suggests, one should first examine a slower-moving global pandemic: HIV/AIDS. Garrett details the massive destabilization of countries across the world as soldiers, teachers, and political leaders die and countless children are orphaned.Donor states should spend heavily on HIV/AIDS prevention, care, and treatment, but also emphasize development to usher the poorest countries into the global economy, Garrett contends. Donor states also should step up international programs that prevent high-risk sex and drug use while providing condoms and sterile needles, she adds. The survival of some developing countries may rest on risking tension over unequal treatment to provide antiretroviral therapy to important people and workers in key sectors of society.In addition, science and global security interests must recognize the importance of developing more sophisticated methods to identify and track specific strains of HIV and factors, such as drug smuggling, that contribute to the spread of the disease.See also:Foreign Affairs July/August 2005 Table of Contents page with links to excerpts of three of the articles read more

Second Salmonella outbreak linked to tomatoes

first_img The organism typically causes fever and nonbloody diarrhea that resolves in a week. A case-control study the CDC launched in response to the S Newport outbreak revealed that about 35% to 40% of patients were hospitalized, she said. The outbreak, first reported Nov 28 in the Produce News, involves restaurant tomatoes contaminated with Salmonella enterica serotype Newport. Most of the S Newport cases occurred on the East Coast, Olson said. Pennsylvania, with 20 cases, had the highest number of illnesses. Though the S Newport outbreak geographically overlaps the S Typhimurium outbreak somewhat, she said the CDC wasn’t aware of any people who were coinfected with both strains. Olson said S Newport as been associated with tomatoes before. “We’re trying to determine how best to prevent this type of contamination in produce,” she noted. A multidrug resistant strain of S Newport has been responsible for cases of ground beef contamination in recent years. See also: Editor’s note: The Salmonella serotype involved in this outbreak was incorrectly listed as Norfolk in this story when first published.center_img The S Newport outbreak marks the second Salmonella outbreak in tomatoes this fall. In early November, the CDC confirmed that an outbreak of Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium, which sickened 183 Americans in 21 states, plus two Canadians, was linked to restaurant tomatoes. The US Food and Drug Administration is working on a traceback investigation to determine the source of the S Newport contamination, Olson said. Dec 1, 2006 (CIDRAP News) – Federal officials are investigating a second Salmonella outbreak linked to restaurant tomatoes that occurred over the summer and early fall, sickening 106 people in 19 states. CIDRAP overview of salmonellosis Christine Olson, MD, MPH, an epidemiology intelligence service officer with the enteric diseases epidemiology branch of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), told CIDRAP News that the outbreak was detected by PulseNet, an electronic network for sharing molecular fingerprinting (pulsed-field gel electrophoresis) data. She said the outbreak began in June and appears to have ended in October. She said the bulk of cases occurred in August and September; 15 cases were reported in October.last_img read more

Saudi man has third vCJD case found in US

first_img The diagnosis was confirmed in late November by the Clinical Prion Research Team at the University of California San Francisco Memory and Aging Center, the CDC said. Researchers based their findings on study of the man’s adenoid and brain biopsy tissues. September 2005 Emerging Infectious Disease report on vCJD confirmation in a Saudi Arabia resident The brain-wasting disease is believed to be caused by eating meat products from cattle infected with bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), or mad cow disease. CDC officials declined today to list the man’s condition or other details, citing his family’s request for privacy. Nov 29 CDC report on a newly confirmed case of vCJD in a patient from the Middle East The CDC said the man has no history of receiving blood, having neurosurgery, or living in or visiting European countries. The view that he was probably exposed during childhood is based on the record of a previously reported Saudi case-patient who was thought to have consumed BSE-contaminated meat in Saudi Arabia and on the fact that the incubation period for food-related vCJD is longer than 7 years, the agency said. According to the CDC, 200 people with vCJD have been reported worldwide, including 164 diagnosed in the United Kingdom, 21 in France, 4 in Ireland, 3 in the United States (including the current patient), 2 in the Netherlands, and 1 each in Canada, Italy, Japan, Portugal, Saudi Arabia, and Spain. Of all reported vCJD patients, all but 10 had lived either in the United Kingdom or France for at least 6 months between 1980 and 1996. Jun 22, 2004, CIDRAP News article “Florida woman dies of probable vCJD” Dec 5, 2006 (CIDRAP News) – A third case of variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) has been reported in a US resident, but health officials believe he contracted the disease in Saudi Arabia when he was a child. “This US case-patient was most likely infected from contaminated cattle products consumed as a child when living in Saudi Arabia,” the CDC said. The previous case of vCJD in a resident of Saudi Arabia was described in a 2005 Emerging Infectious Diseases (EID) report. The 33-year-old man was hospitalized in Saudi Arabia, and his brain biopsy specimen was sent to the US National Prion Disease Surveillance Center at Case Western Reserve University for confirmation. The report said the patient might have briefly visited the United Kingdom, though he likely contracted the disease in Saudi Arabia after eating BSE-contaminated cattle products imported from the United Kingdom. The two previous vCJD cases in the United States involved people who were thought to have contracted the disease in their native Britain during the country’s BSE outbreak in the 1980s and 1990s. One was a 30-year-old man who lived in Houston for 4 years before he was diagnosed with vCJD in 2005. The other was a 25-year-old woman who died in Ft Lauderdale in 2004; she had moved from England to Florida with her father in 1992. Neither patient was known to have had invasive procedures or have received blood, both of which are other possible transmission routes for vCJD. The patient is a young man who has lived in the United States since 2005 but was born and raised in Saudi Arabia, according to a Nov 29 report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The man occasionally stayed in the United States for up to 3 months at a time since 2001 and made a shorter visit in 1989. Nov 22, 2005, CIDRAP News article “Briton has second vCJD case found in US” See also:last_img read more

WHO confirms two of Vietnam’s latest H5N1 cases

first_imgJun 29, 2007 (CIDRAP News) – The World Health Organization (WHO) today confirmed two H5N1 cases from Vietnam dating back to late May and early June.The cases raise Vietnam’s H5N1 count to 95, while the number of fatalities for now remains at 42. Three other cases, which include two fatalities, have been announced by Vietnamese officials over the past few weeks but have not yet been confirmed by the WHO. If the WHO confirms all of the cases, Vietnam’s avian flu case count would rise to 98 cases and 44 deaths.Both cases have been confirmed by Vietnam’s National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology and the WHO’s reference laboratory at the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the WHO said.One patient, a 29-year-old man from Vinh Phuc province, got sick on May 10, some days after slaughtering chickens for a wedding, the WHO report said. He was hospitalized on May 15 and discharged on Jun 11.The second case involves a 19-year-old man from Thai Nguyen province who got sick on May 20 after working in a poultry slaughterhouse, according to the WHO report. He was hospitalized on May 25 where he remains in stable condition.Vietnam has been battling several H5N1 poultry outbreaks since early May. Most have occurred in the northern part of the country.In other avian flu news, the agriculture ministry in Togo yesterday announced that independent tests conducted in Italy have confirmed the H5N1 avian influenza strain in samples from birds that died in a recent outbreak. The H5N1 outbreak, announced to Togo’s health ministry on Jun 22, is the country’s first and brought the number of African countries that have reported H5N1 outbreaks to 10.See also:Jun 29 WHO statement read more

H1N1 FLU BREAKING NEWS: World count passes 94,000, more antiviral resistance, $1B needed for poor nations, public behavior and novel flu

first_imgJul 6, 2009Global novel flu total passes 94,000The world’s pandemic flu total reached 94,512 cases, 429 of them fatal, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported today. The number is 4,591 more cases and 47 more deaths than the last report on Jul 3. Countries reporting their first cases include Cook Island, Croatia, the French overseas territories Guadaloupe and St Martin, Guyana, Libya, and Macedonia. Countries reporting the highest numbers of new cases are Argentina (898), Australia (730), and Thailand (662).[WHO update 58]Hong Kong finds antiviral-resistant novel flu strainPublic health officials in Hong Kong said they have detected their first oseltamivir (Tamiflu)-resistant novel H1N1 strain, which was isolated from a 16-year-old girl after she arrived from San Francisco, the health ministry said in a Jul 3 press release. Similar cases were recently reported in Denmark and Japan. The girl was isolated and treated at a hospital where she refused antiviral treatment. She was released on Jun 18. The sample was sensitive to zanamivir (Relenza).[Jul 3 Hong Kong Department of Health statement]UN director: $1 billion needed to help poor nations fight fluUnited Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki Moon today estimated that $1 billion is needed by the end of the year to help developing countries respond to pandemic influenza, the Associated Press (AP) reported. Speaking at a press conference in Geneva after a donor’s conference, Moon said funding isn’t coming in as expected. Margaret Chan, the WHO’s director-general, said donor assistance is needed to help 49 developing countries stockpile antivirals and other drugs.Study: Credible flu info linked to behavior changesA British survey on the public’s perceptions and behavior changes related to the novel flu outbreak revealed that just over a third had followed any advice to reduce their risk, the British Medical Journal reported on Jul 2. The survey of 997 adults showed that changes were associated with beliefs that the outbreak is severe, that good information is available, and that people can control their risk. Belief that outbreak reports are exaggerated was linked to less behavior change.Traveler is Syria’s first novel H1N1 caseSyria’s health ministry confirmed the country’s first novel flu case, a Syrian woman living in Australia who had flown back for a visit, the AP reported on Jul 4. The woman’s family was tested, and all of the passengers on her flight were slated for testing. The woman had flown through Dubai on her way to Syria.Three countries report first pandemic flu deathsPeru, New Zealand, and El Salvador recently reported their first pandemic flu deaths, according to several media reports. Peru’s fatalities include a 38-year-old woman and a 4-year-old girl, both of whom had underlying conditions and died last week, the AP reported yesterday. New Zealand reported three deaths: two men, ages 19 and 42, and a young girl. One of the men and the girl had underlying conditions. El Salvador’s fatal case was a 9-year-old boy who died in the country’s capital.last_img read more

New regulations necessary for marina development

first_img“It is important to us that the general public  be acquainted with the life of our marinas because everything that happens in them happens in one small place, as in life, and the introduction of legal rules of the ‘game’ will help all of us, including the state, to finally dedicate ourselves to business”, Said the president of the Croatian Marine Association HGK Sean Lisjak at an international conference organized by the Adriatic Institute of the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts, which marked the completion of the scientific project Development of a modern legal and insurance regime for Croatian marinas: improving competitiveness, safety, security and marine environment (DELICROMAR). “Such conferences should be held at least once a year because this is a very complex area not only in Croatia but also in Europe. The Academy is always open to any form of cooperation, both nationally and internationally. It is important to bring our legal system to the level it should be”, Said the Vice President of the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts and the President of the Scientific Council Jakša Barbić. The project explored and examined the legal framework for the establishment, management and operation of nautical tourism ports in Croatia. The research also included a comparative legal analysis of all sources of law in Croatia and other maritime countries, as well as the usual business conditions of marinas in Europe. Solutions have been proposed to improve the legal framework for marinas including contract models and general insurance conditions. All this was done in order to consolidate the relevant regulations and clarify dubious legal issues, as well as to harmonize court and business practice.Assistant Minister of the Sea, Transport and Infrastructure, Captain Siniša Orlić, pointed out three laws that the relevant ministry sent to the Parliament, and they are amendments to the Law on Harbor Master’s Offices, the new Law on Maritime Property and Seaports and amendments to the Maritime Code. wants to raise the competitiveness of the maritime economy, the digitalisation of the maritime judiciary, the level of maritime safety and protection, and the effective management of maritime assets.last_img read more